Alloys generally refer to compounds that are made up of a metal and another element or a mixture of many types of metals. The reason for the production of alloys is to reduce the disadvantages of certain metals by masking them with another metal or element. The most commonly used alloy product is stainless steel. This is made by combining steel with chromium. It is the perfect example to showcase the many advantages of using alloys. However, it is important to remember that the characteristics of each alloy will differ according to its components and their quantities.
It is resistant to corrosionThe most important characteristic of this alloy is its ability to resist corrosion. This means that it can remain in its original form even when exposed to high levels of oxygen and water. This can be generally seen in stainless steel bollards that are placed on the sidewalk. Even though these structures are always exposed to air, rain and moisture, they can continue to maintain their luster and stay strong without any decay. The mechanism used to achieve this feature is using chromium that forms a passive oxide layer. This means that chromium reacts with oxygen to create chromium oxide which makes a thin film over the rest of the product, making sure that water and oxygen cannot reach its surface. The ability to withstand corrosion in other extreme conditions; such as in acids and bases, will differ according to the grade of the alloy.
It allows easy fabricationWhile you can see stainless steel fittings that take the shape of road posts, you can also find the same alloy used in the making of large arcs in tall buildings as well as for kitchen appliances. This clearly indicates that the alloy can change shape and texture easily. It is a very easy material to work with and can be used in diverse ways.
Can withstand heat and electricity This is one of the most important characteristic of this particular alloy. Its ability to tolerate heat and electricity is derived from the fact that it is a poor conductor of both these energies. This results in the alloy having higher strength and durability, no matter where and how it is implemented. This does not bend or stretch when subjected to heat. The use of this alloy to manufacture kitchen appliances is done using its heat resistancequality. Despite all these advantageous, most people are not very inclined to use this material due to one issue -its significantly high price. Even though this alloy is usually more expensive than normal steel, it is a better choice when considering its long term benefits.